Role of Watershed Management for Reducing Soil Erosion in Ethiopia

Authors(1) :-Zewde Alemayehu Tilahun

Watershed management implies the wise use of natural resources like land, water and biomass in a watershed to obtain optimum production with minimum disturbance to the environment Soil erosion is the main cause of land degradation that affects soil properties and ecosystems in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian highlands have been experiencing declining soil fertility and severe soil erosion due to intensive farming on steep and fragile lands and other factors attributed to population pressure. Ethiopia has a history of watershed management initiatives dating back to the 1970s. The present government started community based integrated watershed management practice. Keeping these in view the study entitled “Watershed Management in Highlands of Ethiopia: Soil conservation in Ethiopia is therefore not only closely related to the improvement and conservation of ecological environment, but also to the sustainable development of its agricultural sector and its economy at large. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in collaboration of donor agency such as world food program in Amhara, Oromia, and Tigray National Regional state various conservation and rehabilitation of natural resource were implemented as a result positive impact were achieved. The watershed management practices played a crucial role in arresting runoff and help to reduce erosion hazard. In view of that at the pilot watershed level a total of 297 km hillside, 27,783 trenches, 446 m3 Gabion, 3167 m3 stone check dam, and 854 m3 sediment storage, 586 m3 gully rehabilitation/re-vegetation, 80 ha bund stabilization, 25 km construction of recharge pits have been constructed over the degraded hillsides. Watershed management is practiced as a means to increase rain fed agricultural production, conserve natural resources and reduce poverty in the highlands of Ethiopia which are characterized by high soil erosion, and severe natural resource degradation. Community participation should be improved by giving recognition to environmental, economic and social issues while planning and implementing watershed management

Authors and Affiliations

Zewde Alemayehu Tilahun
Lecturer, Kebri Dehar University, Kebri Dehar, Somali Region, Ethiopia

Soil erosion, Watershed Management, Soil and Water Conservation

  1. Abate, H. & Simane, B., Multiple Benefits Of The Vetiver System And Its Environmental Application In Ethiopia.
  2. Adugna, A., 2015. Soil Erosion Assessment And Control In Northeast Wollega , Ethiopia. , Pp.3511-3540.
  3. Afegbua, U.K., Uwazuruonye, J. & Jafaru, B., 2016. Investigating The Causes And Impacts Of Gully Erosion In Auchi , Nigeria. , 4(4), Pp.1-13.
  4. Alam, P. & Ahmade, K., 2013. Impact Of Solid Waste On Health And The Environment. , Pp.165-168.
  5. Alemu, M.M., 2016. Integrated Watershed Management And Sedimentation. , (March), Pp.490-494.
  6. Anon, 2011. Farmers ’ Perception On The Role Of Vetiver Grass In Soil And Water Conservation In South Western Ethiopia?: - The Case Of Tulube Peasant Association?; Metu District By 2011 Addis Ababa Ethiopia Declaration.
  7. Atnafe, A.D., Ahmed, H.M. & Adane, D.M., 2015. Determinants Of Adopting Techniques Of Soil And Water Conservation In Goromti Watershed , Western Ethiopia. , 6(6), Pp.168-177.
  8. Bagherzadeh, A., 2011. Physical Land Suitability Evaluation For Speci Fi C Cereal Crops Using GIS At Mashhad Plain , Northeast Of Iran. , 5(4), Pp.504-513.
  9. Bahri, A. Et Al., Integrated Watershed Management: Towards Sustainable Solutions In Africa. , Pp.1-31.
  10. Belay, T.T., 2014. Perception Of Farmers On Soil Erosion And Conservation Practices In Dejen District , Ethiopia. , 2(6), Pp.224-229.
  11. Bortolozo, F.R. Et Al., 2015. Water , Sediment And Nutrient Retention In Native Vegetative Filter Strips Of Southern Brazil. , 4(3), Pp.426-436.
  12. Builder, L., 2013. Erosion & Sediment Control & Solid Waste Management Affidavit. , Pp.1-2.
  13. Burek, C. V, Bonwick, G. & Alexander, R., 2015. No Title. , 3(3), Pp.11-24.
  14. Choi, Y.D., 2007. Restoration Ecology To The Future?: A Call For New Paradigm. , 15(2), Pp.351-353.
  15. Dawa, D., 2012. (Managing Environmental Resources To Enable Transitions). , (November).
  16. Dechassa, N. Et Al., 2014. No Title. , I(November).
  17. Delgado, J.A. Et Al., 2011. Adapt To Climate Change. , 66(4), Pp.118-129.
  18. Dinka, K.M. & Science, B.O.F., 2014. Submitted By.
  19. District, G. Et Al., 2015. Assessment Of Farmers ’ Perception And Adaptation Mechanism To Soil Erosion Problem In Shomba Kichib ,. , 10(27), Pp.2608-2616.
  20. Duryea, M.L., Binelli, E.K. & Gholz, H.L., 2008. Chapter 2?: Basic Ecological Principles For Restoration 1. , (June 2000), Pp.1-14.
  21. Ebistu, T.A. & Minale, A.S., 2013. Solid Waste Dumping Site Suitability Analysis Using Geographic Information System ( GIS ) And Remote Sensing For Bahir Dar Town , North Western Ethiopia. , 7(November), Pp.976-989.
  22. Ervin, C.A. Et Al., 2016. Board Of Regents Of The University Of Wisconsin System Factors Affecting The Use Of Soil Conservation Practices?: Hypotheses , Evidence , And Policy Implications Stable URL?: Http://Www.Jstor.Org/Stable/3145937 Your Use Of The JSTOR Archive Indicates Your. , 58(3), Pp.277-292.
  23. Esser, K. & Haile, M., 2002. Soil Conservation in Tigray ,. , (5), Pp.1-21.
  24. Federal, T.H.E. & Republic, D., 2011. The Federal Democratic Republic Natural Resource Sector Small-Scale Irrigation Capacity. , (October).
  25. Ffolliott, P.F., 2013. Part 3. , Pp.329-331.
  26. Gashaw, T., Bantider, A. & Silassie, H.G., 2014. Land Degradation In Ethiopia?: Causes , Impacts And Rehabilitation Techniques. , 4(9), Pp.98-105.
  27. Gorfu, D., Ahmed, E. & Researchers, S., Crops And Agro-Ecological Zones Of Ethiopia.
  28. Hadgu, K.M., 2011. Land Rehabilitation And Improved Management?: The Case Of Tigray , Northern 1 . Successes In Land Rehabilitation And Management. , (March).
  29. Hailemariam, M. & Ajeme, A., 2014. Solid Waste Management In Adama , Ethiopia?: Aspects And Challenges. , 8(9), Pp.670-676.
  30. Haregeweyn, N. & Land, A., 2011. Sedimentation And Its Management Strategies?: The Case Of Angereb Reservoir , Ethiopia. , Pp.1-12.
  31. Julien, A., Valentin, K. & Brice, S., 2011. Farmers ’ Perception And Response To Soil Erosion While Abiotic Factors Are The Driving Forces In Sudanian Zone Of Benin. , 1(2), Pp.20-30.
  32. Mamuye, M., 2013. Impacts Of Climate Change On Watershed By?: , (Nrm 611).
  33. Mckenzie, N.J., Grundy, M.J. & Webster, R., 2008. Guidelines For Surveying Soil And Land Resources. , 000.
  34. Mekonen, K. & Tesfahunegn, G.B., 2011. Journal Of Science And Technology Impact Assessment Of Soil And Water Conservation Measures At Medego Watershed In Tigray , Northern Ethiopia. , 5(03), Pp.312-330.
  35. Mekonnen, M. Et Al., 2015. Evaluating Sediment Storage Dams?: Structural Off-Site Sediment Trapping Measures In Northwest Ethiopia. , 41(1), Pp.7-22.
  36. Mekonnen, M. Et Al., 2015. Soil Conservation Through Sediment Trapping?: A Review. , 556(September 2014), Pp.544-556.
  37. Mekuria, W. Et Al., 2009. Effectiveness Of Exclosures To Control Soil Erosion And Local Community Perception On Soil Erosion In Tigray , Ethiopia. , 4(April), Pp.365-377.
  38. Meshesha, T.W. & Tripathi, S.K., 2015. An Evaluation Of Watershed Management Practice In Ethiopia?: A Preliminary Review. , 4(1), Pp.24-30.
  39. Meshesha, Y.B. & Birhanu, B.S., 2015. Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of Watershed Management Intervention In Chena Woreda , Kaffa Zone , Southwestern. , (October), Pp.1257-1269.
  40. Mulu, A. & Dwarakish, G.S., 2015. International Conference On Water.2015.02.106.
  41. Regassa, N., Sundaraa, R.D. & Seboka, B.B., 2011. Challenges And Opportunities In Municipal Solid Waste Management?: The Case Of Addis Ababa City , Central Ethiopia. , 33(3), Pp.179-190.
  42. Shi, Z.H. Et Al., 2012. Modeling The Impacts Of Integrated Small Watershed Management On Soil Erosion And Sediment Delivery?: A Case Study In The Three Gorges Area , China. , 439, Pp.156-167.
  43. Tadesse, G., Zavaleta, E. & Shennan, C., 2014. Coffee Landscapes As Refugia For Native Woody.Biocon.2013.11.034.
  44. Vanmaercke, M. Et Al., 2010. Sediment Dynamics And The Role Of Flash Floods In Sediment Export. , Pp.611-627.
  45. Wani, S.P., 1977. Integrated Watershed Management For Sustaining Crop Productivity And Reducing Soil Erosion In Asia. , Pp.1-8.
  46. Wani, S.P. & Garg, K.K., 1 . Watershed Management Concept And Principles. , Pp.1-11.
  47. Water, A., Learning, M. & Brief, D., 2012. Watershed Management In. , (February).
  48. Wolancho, K.W., 2015. Evaluating Watershed Management Activities Of Campaign Work In Southern Nations , Nationalities And Peoples ’ Regional State Of Ethiopia.
  49. Woldemichael, T.Z., 2012. Prediction Of Sediment Inflow For Angereb Dam 7(November), Pp.990-1000.
  50. Worku, T. & Tripathi, S.K., 2015. Watershed Management In Highlands Of Ethiopia?: A Review. , Pp.1-11.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 5 | September-October 2019
Date of Publication : 2019-10-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 66-77
Manuscript Number : IJSRCE19345
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

ISSN : 2456-6667

Cite This Article :

Zewde Alemayehu Tilahun, "Role of Watershed Management for Reducing Soil Erosion in Ethiopia", International Journal of Scientific Research in Civil Engineering (IJSRCE), ISSN : 2456-6667, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp.66-77, September-October.2019

Article Preview

Contact Us

  • Address : 3 & 4, Sterling Plaza, Indira Circle, 150 Feet Ring Road, Rajkot-360005, Gujarat, India